Part II - Hyderabad province - a brief history.
Nizam-ul-mulk Asaf Jah is considered to be the founder of Nizam rule in Hyderabad province in 18th century. The continued wars against Marathas on one hand and Hyder Ali/ Tippu Sultan on the other, made the Nizam rule - a period of wars and voilence. North Karnataka has been a witness to this volatile period of history and suffered a lot in the process.
The British joined hands with Marathas and Nizam to defeat Tippu Sultan and in turn rewarded the Nizam with protection from 1798 under the Wellessely Agreement.
The British ignored the misrule under Nizam and continued to train his Army and the terrorist outfit called Razaakars.
By the time, British decided to leave India, the Nizam ensured that his Army and Razaakars got a huge quantity of latest arms and ammunition from the British and had begun to make his moves in the political arena.
When India declared Independence on 15th August 1947, Nizam Mir Usman Ali declared Independence of Hyderabad province on same day and made a speech to this effect on " Deccan Radio" ( Also known as Hyderabad Radio).
His speech was not only Anti-Indian but Anti-Hindu as well and inspired by such a speech, his army and Razaakars let lose a orgy of voilence against the Hindus and even muslims who opposed the Nizam, all over the Hyderabad Province.
Result was that while India celebrated Independence in 1947, the people of Hyderabad province had to suffer continuosly till 1600 Hours, 18th September 1948 when Maj.Genl.J.N.Chaudhari of Indian Army accepted the surrender of Maj.Genl.SA. El Edroos, the commander of "Invincible army of Allah's soldiers" - as they called themselves, the army of Nizam and his government.
Just think of this, the Hyderabad province spread from present Telengana region of Andhra pradesh state to southern Maharastra and down south till the banks of Tungabadra River.
That means that majority of the people of North Karnataka had to wait till 18th September 1948 to become part of India and to celebrate Independence!!
( In my articles, I am bringing together the struggle of people of North Karnataka both pre-1947 and post 1947 against the Nizam rule and the invaluble sacrifice that people had to make in this historic struggle. Consciously I have left out the struggle of people in present Andhra or Maharastra States in these articles.)